Typhoid (typhoid fever) also called Enteric fever is a serious disease caused by bacteria Salmonella typhi. It causes symptoms like high grade fever, vomiting, loss of appetite, headache, general fatigue or rash.In few cases severe complications like intestinal perforation, internal bleeding, shock, and may rarely cause death.
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|Vi Capsular vaccine||Conjugate vaccine|
|Route of administration||Intramuscular||Intramuscular|
|Vaccination schedule||1st dose at 2 years age||1st dose at 9-12 months age|
|Booster||Every 3 years till 18 years of age||At 2 years age|
|Minimum age for vaccination||2 years||6 months|
|Experience with use of vaccine||More time bound experience and robust data available||Initial data promising but limited time bound experience|
Presently, which type of typhoid vaccine to give is the pediatricians choice. With time, things might become more clearer.
An interval of 4 weeks should be maintained with MMR vaccine.
Pain, redness and swelling at vaccination site and allergic reaction can occur in some individuals.
Typhoid fever does not lead to long term immunity. A child with history of suspected/ confirmed enteric fever may be vaccinated 4 weeks after recovery if he/she has not received the vaccine in the past 3 years.
Yes, it can be used in any age group.
Oral vaccine is no longer available in India.
Yes, it can be safely given with other vaccines.An interval of 4 weeks should be maintained while giving Typhoid conjugate with MMR vaccine.